Door: Marc van der Pluym, partner Renewable Factory.
After a standstill of 7 years, Dutch offshore wind will go forward once more. Dutch offshore wind farm initiative ‘ZOWP’ (named after the province ‘Zeeland’; Zeeuws Offshore Wind Park) plans to be among the wind farms that will be built in the coming Dutch Round Three.
What preceded: In April 2008, the Dutch government imposed a moratorium, that made applying for offshore wind farm permits impossible. This was instigated by a flooding of 77 initiatives, good for at least 11.000MW. At the time the government had only planned for 450MW and saw no other choice than to close the door, to avoid a mayor budgetary problem. Of all these initiatives 17 applied for and 12 received the building permits (3.185MW). Of these 12 only 3 projects (729MW) succeeded in receiving the necessary subsidy (SDE) and will be built in the coming years (957MW together with the existing 2 wind farms).
Just now, end of august, 5 years after the moratorium, the Dutch government published two key documents regarding offshore wind. In the first, the ‘Energy Agreement’, a new goal is set for 4.450MW in 2023, to be reached in tender phases, starting with 450MW in 2015. Maximum subsidy level to be applied for is set at €150/MWh in 2014, with a reduction of €5 each year. The second document refers to policy rules for offshore wind farm permits. These state that permits can be revoked if they are not used or if there is new relevant spatial policy regarding offshore wind farms. New policy is being made, for round 3 starting in 2015, so the status of these 12 round 2 permits has become somewhat uncertain.
ZOWP welcomes the new round 3 policy, and is developing a wind farm of around 1.000MW. The wind farm is being developed in the designated area ‘Borssele’, 25km from the coast, next to the Belgium offshore wind zone.
Unique is that ZOWP is a local project for the people of the province of Zeeland, developed by local companies. The development consortium consists of the local companies Delta (energy utility), Heerema (offshore constructions), Verbrugge (logistics), Zeeland Seaports (harbor), Zeeuwind (citizen wind developer), ZMf (environmental federation) and is assisted by consultancy firm Renewable Factory.